Health is a holistic state encompassing emotional, mental, and physical well-being, fostering a harmonious balance in life. It goes beyond the absence of disease, emphasizing a complete and thriving existence. Healthcare plays a vital role in maintaining wellness across these crucial dimensions.
Health, a multifaceted term, encompasses complete emotional, mental, and physical well-being. While healthcare endeavors to maintain well-being, the United States invested a staggering $3.5 trillion in 2017, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Despite this expenditure, life expectancy in the U.S. lags behind that of other developed nations, influenced by factors such as healthcare accessibility and lifestyle choices.
Understanding Health and Well Being
In 1948, the World Health Organization (WHO) defined health as “a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”. In 1986, the WHO further emphasized health as a resource for daily life, emphasizing social, personal, and physical capacities. This perspective positions health as a support system for an individual’s role in society, highlighting the positive concept of a healthful lifestyle, offering a purposeful and meaningful life.
Evolution of Health Concept
In 2009, researchers in The Lancet defined health as the body’s ability to adapt to new threats and infirmities, acknowledging the strides made by modern science in understanding diseases and exploring ways to mitigate them. This evolution recognizes that the absence of pathology might not always be achievable, emphasizing adaptability as a key component of health.
Types of Health
1. Mental Health
Mental health stands as a cornerstone of overall well-being. Addressing psychological aspects contributes significantly to a holistic approach, with lower stress levels as a direct outcome.
2. Physical Health
Regular exercise, a vital element of physical health, contributes immensely to one’s overall well-being. Physical health forms an inseparable part of the broader health spectrum, with the absence of disease only a single facet.
3. Spiritual Health
Spiritual health provides a sense of calm and purpose, directly impacting mental well-being. It serves as a pillar supporting the individual’s quest for a meaningful life.
4. Emotional Health
Emotional well-being complements mental health, offering stability and resilience in the face of life’s challenges. Nurturing emotional health contributes to an enriched quality of life.
5. Financial Health
Financial stability plays a pivotal role in overall health, reducing stress related to economic concerns and facilitating access to fresh, nutritious food. A robust financial foundation is a key determinant of well-being.
The Global Perspective: SDG Goals and Health
Understanding health in the context of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is paramount. Achieving SDG in India and globally necessitates a comprehensive approach to good health and well-being. Aligning health initiatives with SDG goals ensures a holistic and inclusive strategy for a healthier world. In conclusion, the pursuit of good health involves embracing its diverse dimensions, from mental and physical well-being to spiritual, emotional, and financial health. Integrating these aspects not only enhances individual lives but contributes to a healthier, more resilient society.